The robot will become the protagonist of the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry

With the advancement of technology, the performance of robots has been significantly improved, and they are more and more often seen in high-precision and dangerous environments. Adapting to the trend of intelligence and transformation to the Internet, robots as the next technological integration to change the world will set off a new industrial revolution and become the protagonist of the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry. The cost of industries or countries that have technological advantages will fall sharply, and their competitiveness will leap to a new level.

The robot has grown mature. Robots are versatile and versatile automation equipment that has been used in manufacturing for decades. In the past, it was like a "Miss Jiao", and it was worth a lot of money. Thanks to technological innovations in recent years, the performance of robots has increased dramatically, becoming ingenious and more affordable. The new generation of robots can achieve automatic control, and the camera guides the robot arm, which has a gratifying change in the level of intelligence and refinement.

The advantages of robots compared to manuals are clear:

First, the robot is highly efficient and can effectively reduce production costs. In South Korea, robots can reduce labor costs by 33%, 25% in Japan and 22% in the US, which will change the way long-term global factories are migrating for cheap labor.

The second is to achieve refined techniques and standardized operations that are difficult to achieve by manpower, improve manufacturing assembly accuracy, and produce high value-added products. When the product needs to be updated, reprogramming the robot is much faster and more efficient than training the personnel. For the production of smart phones and other fast-changing products, robots are urgently needed.

Third, it can engage in dangerous and hazardous work, and it is difficult for ordinary people to reach.

The shortcoming of robots is that it is a machine, not a human being. In the field of personalized and affectionate service, even if the robot is advanced, it is difficult to change its machine nature.

The field of use of robots is mainly limited to factories where the environment is precisely controlled, reducing the risk of robots coming into contact with people and the need to perceive the world around them. The application of robots is self-contained, and it is necessary to change traditional concepts and management methods, and has a relatively high level of engineering technology. The use of robots varies by region and industry, depending on many factors, including salary costs and labor regulations.

Today, about 85% of the work in the manufacturing industry where automobiles, electronics and electrical products have been automated can be done by robots. Industries such as the chemical and metals industries are increasingly using the most innovative and flexible robots. At present, only 10% of the automation jobs are automated, and the development space is considerable. According to the analysis data of the International Robot Federation, in 2014, the sales volume of industrial robots was 200,000 units, an annual increase of nearly 23%.

Robot manufacturing itself is a big industry, and the direction of development will reflect "three more":

First, IQ is higher. The intelligence of the robot is very different from the human brain. Assuming that the human brain is a computer, it can execute 38 Gigabits per second, and the world's most powerful computer, Deep Blue, can only perform 0.02% of this number. The level of intelligence of the robot needs to be improved, and the ability to blur processing must also have a qualitative leap. It has a certain "emotional intelligence" and is more understanding.

Second, the sensitivity is better. The "hand" is the short board of the robot. The human hand has amazing precision. There are more than 10,000 "sensors" inside, which is beyond the reach of robots. The future direction is to simulate the biological nervous system and continue to improve the robot sensor and the gripping system to make the robot more dexterous.

Third, the price is cheaper. The price of industrial robots is currently dropping to around $130,000. The cost structure is roughly 22% for the body, 25% for the servo system, 38% for the reducer, 10% for the control system, and 5%. In the future, reducing the cost of the reducer and servo system is key.

There is huge room for robots to develop in China in the future. China's manufacturing industry is facing new challenges of shifting to high-end and participating in international division of labor. In addition, the demographic dividend is decreasing year by year and the cost of productivity is rising. It is an inevitable trend to use robots in high-precision and dangerous positions. The International Federation of Robotics predicts that by 2016, China's robots will have more than 130,000 units, making it the world's largest market. At present, 70% of the robots in China are produced by foreign manufacturers. The reducer and servo motor are basically imported, the price is high, and the space for robot innovation and application is huge.

In short, in the highly sophisticated areas of refinement and standardization, robots have advantages that are unmatched by ordinary people. In an era of rising global labor costs, robots will surely play a significant role in many industries. Of course, no matter how superior the robot is, it is a machine made by human beings. The correct attitude is to foster strengths and avoid weaknesses and benefit mankind.

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